In their latest report, APCE and magazine Maghreb Ressources Humaines in France consider obsolete that policy makers still determine business immigrant start-ups by solely benchmarking the ethnic origins of the owner and the ethnic origin of their products. According to them, there are five immigrant entrepreneur profiles that stand out among a more diversified number:
The Entrepreneur Storekeeper
This profile corresponds to first and second generation store or retail keepers. The entrepreneur storekeeper is often the owner of a local convenient store (restaurant, bakery, butcher or grocery). Their market is often limited to a neighborhood or to targeting their own ethnic community.
The Entrepreneur Professional
They are the teachers, consultants, lawyers, doctors, accountants practicing their trade in small self-employed structures or in large professional networks. Their services are open to all society and some expand internationally. They may have occasionally encountered difficulty in accessing employment pushing them to create their own business. They generally hold Bachelor and post-doc education degrees.